Year 10 Material World
The ‘Material World’ is the world of matter, dealing with substances – what they’re made of and how they behave and react – their chemistry.
In this course you’ll work through five main sections:
- Atoms – we’ll explore the structure of these tiny building blocks that make up all the matter in our universe, elements and ions, as well as the way that ions bond together to form compounds.
- Pure substances and mixtures – we’ll start by looking at the differences between pure substances and mixtures, then explore types of mixtures in more detail and get an understanding of how mixtures can be separated out into their component parts using a range of methods.
- Acids and bases – in this section you’ll gain an understanding of what acids and bases are and the differences between the two, as well as what happens when they’re involved in various reactions. You’ll also learn about pH and how it can be measured.
- Metals – here we’ll explore metals, metalloids and alloys, properties of metals, the activity series for metals, and common reactions metals have with oxygen, water and acids.
- Fuels – in this final section you’ll learn about a range of non-renewable and renewable fuel sources, with a focus on where they’re found in Aotearoa New Zealand, and how they’re used.
This course will give you a good grounding in the basic knowledge, language and skills you need to take forward to science in Years 11–13 when ‘the material world’ gets called Chemistry.
How you’ll learn
People learn in different ways. Here are some of the ways you can learn and interact with the materials in this online course.
Self-paced learning – This online course is set up so you can learn at your own pace. So, although there are ‘suggested’ times for each page, they’re just a guideline. Plan your learning to suit you.
Diagrams, videos and interactions – Some people prefer to learn by reading, some by watching and listening, and some by doing. We’ve used diagrams, videos and interactions alongside the text, so that there’s something for everyone!
Practice activities – Throughout this course there are lots of short activities. These activities are for you to check your own understanding, not for someone to mark them. These activities give you a great chance to practise what you’ve learned and compare your answer with the model feedback without being assessed.
Glossary – We’ll be using some technical words and phrases in this course. To help you grow your vocab around the topics, the course includes an online glossary. When you see a word or phrase underlined in the text, move your cursor over it and a definition will pop up – easy as! You can also choose to print a copy of the full glossary.
Discussions – Sharing with others can also be a great way to learn. Talk with your classmates and teacher at school about the ideas you come across in this online course. Even chat to your whānau at the dinner table about the things you’re learning – if you can explain the ideas to others, you can really be confident in your own understanding.